The Human Fossil Record:
A Digital Resource for Research and Education

This material is curated at the Natural History Museum, London and researchers should follow the procedures of this institution for conducting scientific research on their collections (contact: Curator of Anthropology, Natural History Museum; The images below are derived from CT scans publicly available under a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 license from ESRF heritage database for palaeontology, evolutionary biology and archaeology (but see for additional terms of use). The copyright for all images is the Natural History Museum (NHM) and any use of the images below must be in accordance with the CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 license, including crediting the curatorial institution and

The specimens in this collection are associated with the following publication:

Smith T. M., Tafforeau P., Reid D. J., Pouech J., Lazzari V., Zermeno J. P., Guatelli-Steinberg D., Olejniczack A., Hoffman A., Radovcic J., Makaremi M., Toussaint M., Stringer C. and Hublin J.-J., 2010. Dental evidence for ontogenetic differences between modern humans and Neanderthals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Dec 2010, 107 (49) 20923-20928.

The copyrighted photographs below of fossils from the NHMUK have been provided by the museum and they cannot be used for any other purpose without permission from the NHMUK.

NHMUK PV M 16657 Homo neanderthalensis:
NHMUK PV M 16658 Homo neanderthalensis:
NHMUK PV M 16665 Homo neanderthalensis:
NHMUK PV M 16662 Homo neanderthalensis:
NHMUK PV M 16659 Homo neanderthalensis: