The Human Fossil Record:
A Digital Resource for Research and Education

The specimens belong to a large assemblage of more than 400 skulls of the chimpanzee subspecies Pan troglodytes verus housed in the collections of the Division of Palaeoanthropology in the Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt. They come from one natural population of free-ranging western chimpanzees in the northeastern part of Nimba County (Liberia). The skulls were collected from local farming groups by the German ethnologist and medical doctor Dr. Hans Himmelheber during expeditions in the 1950s.

These specimens are kindly provided for educational purposes by Dr. Ottmar Kullmer, Christine Hemm, and Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung, Frankfurt am Main, Germany which is the institution that curates the original specimens. For some specimens various digital files are available, whereas for others only the surface models are provided.

Terms of use: all digital images, surface models, gifs, and CT image stacks are available to use under an Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.

Credit for use of these digital representations should be as follows: Image, 3D surface and CT data courtesy of Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung, Radiologie Sachsenhausen GmbH Frankfurt a.M. and